The First Principles Of Pianoforte Playing

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Bent finger, ad Species, compulsory, for rapid forte passages.
1): We moreover now discern, that the Clinging (or flat) finger, requires some measure of Upper-arm release. This in­capacitates this form of touch for rapid passages, when these are required forte.
For rapid forte passages, we must therefore use the self-sup­ported arm (Second Species) with the thrusting (or bent) finger in combination with it.1
m): The secret of Agility, hence, is found to lie in the self-supported arm; and combined with it, the thrusting finger, when the passage is forte. Accuracy in ceasing the action at sound, is a law that meanwhile bears no breaking.
The contrasts in Duration, how available :
n): All three Species of touch-formation are Staccato, provided we insist meanwhile on the Act of Resting being sufficiently light;—so light that the arm is continuously in a state of com­plete self-support; and provided we are also careful to time our actions against the keys to cease so accurately as to permit these to rebound.2
o) : All the Species can be transformed into Tenuti, by merely changing the Resting into a slightly heavier form, the arm (as to its continuous condition) being here not quite so fully supported as in Staccato.
p) : All the Species can moreover be transformed into Legati, by transferring such Tenuto-form of the Resting from key to key.
The danger of forgetting to think of Sound, when learning new muscular
q): In endeavouring to acquire correct Muscular-conditions, we must meanwhile never lose sight of their Object, viz.: to move the Key for the sake of Music.
1 The clinging-finger, would in rapid forte passages, tend to dull the pas­sage by dragging the Upper-arm on to the key-beds.
1 We must recall that the Continuous condition of the arm, here implied in the Resting, does by no means preclude our using the momentary lapses re­quired in Species III., to form the Added-impetus.
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