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The National Music of America. 33
five tunes were familiar. Just what these five were is not absolutely certain, but they were probably "Old Hundred," "York," " Hackney," " Windsor," and " Martyrs."
The order of service was a very simple one. In the Separatist congregations in Holland it had been as follows : Prayer ; Scripture, with comment; singing a Psalm; sermon by the pastor or by a teacher; singing another Psalm; sacraments on proper Sundays; a collection for the poor ; the benediction. It will be seen that music played no very important part in the proceedings. Winthrop and his Puritans (including Endicott) soon gave up their prejudice against " Separatists and Brownists," and adopted a similar service, but they had even less of music at Boston, the second psalm-singing not taking place in the service, according to an account written in 1641.1
The " lining-out " of a Psalm (reading each
1" Music in America," Ritter, p. 9.