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be focussed in the nose and not driven through it uncontrolled. The release of the palate gives the G sound of the NG. A very usual fault is to leave out the end sound as in the words walkin', ridin', drivin', etc. The opposite fault of sounding the G too strongly gives the vulgarism thinkink, drinkink, etc. Stiffness of the soft palate causes both faults.
M, N, and NG Sounds.
Vital spark of heavenly flame, Quit, oh ! quit this mortal frame ; Trembling, hoping, lingering, flying, Oh ! the pain, the bliss of dying !
80. The Non-voiced Guttural K.—Similar position to NG, except that in K and G the tongue is raised higher than in NG, and there is a corresponding less lowering of the soft palate ; this is quite a necessary arrangement, to allow of the breath being held back in the pharynx. To make the sound K, quickly separate the parts, allowing a simultaneous emission of controlled breath.
But Kate, the prettiest Kate in Christendom, Kate of Kate Hall, my super-dainty Kate ; For dainties are all Kates, and therefore, Kate, Take this of me, Kate of my consolation.
The Voiced Guttural G.—The same as K, with vibration added as in the cases of B and D.
Gregory going gaily galloped gallantly to the gate. I galloped, Dirck galloped, we galloped all three.
81. The Voiced Liquid R.—The tip of the tongue should be curved upwards, so that it comes into contact with the hard palate close to the upper front gums in the N position or a little further back. The sides of the tongue should touch the sides of the upper gums. The vibrating R is