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THE VOWEL SOUNDS. 51
muscles contract to raise the front of the tongue, keep the tip of the tongue against the back of the lower front teeth; by doing this the raised part of the tongue will be kept forward in the mouth, so that the front part of the side of the tongue touches the front part of the side teeth. The lips must be spread outwards so as to make the mouth moderately wide, and must be separated in front to a greater extent than the teeth, which must be well shown. Place the first, second, and third fingers together, insert the second finger between the teeth, let the corners of the lips touch the outer sides of the first and third fingers, but keep the upper and lower lips away from the fingers. There is a difficulty with the Ay sound, as it is in reality a diphthong (e : i).
Net.—The tongue is raised a little less for e than for c:
And at the closing of the day-She loosed the chain, and down she lay; The hroad stream hore her far away, The Lady of Shalott.
There we lay, all the day, In the Bay of Biscay, oh !
And bade her page the menials tell, That they should tend the old man well.
65. The Vowel EE (i:) and its subordinate i (i).
Knee.—What has already been said about Ay applies also to EE. The tongue is even more raised. The lips are more spread outwards. The teeth are almost but not quite closed, and are easily visible top and bottom, because the lips are separated in front by a wide interval.