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The Structure And Use Of The Vocal Organs, And The Means Of Securing Distinct Articulation.

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34                         THE ARTICTJLATORY APPARATUS.
called constrictors, which, as their name implies, are able to constrict the pharynx; during swallowing the food is
Fig. 18.—Muscles of Pharynx and Mouth.
SO, Superior Constrictor from inside Mouth around Pharynx; MO, Middle Con­strictor from Hyoid around Pharynx; IC, Inferior Constrictor from Larynx around Pharynx; O, Orbicular Muscle of Lips; CH, Cheek Muscles; MH, Mylo-Hyoid—Jaw to Hyoid ; HG, Hyo-Glossus—Hyoid to Tongue ; W, Wind­pipe ; G, Gullet; C, Cricoid Cartilage ; T, Thyroid Cartilage ; H, Hyoid Bone ; LJ, Lower Jaw; M, Malar Bone ; S, Styloid Process; E, Opening for Ear.
seized by these muscles and conveyed to the oesophagus, the continuation of the pharynx.