The History And Development Of Musical Instruments From The Earliest Times.

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playing the tibia, which is stated to have been disinterred in the year 1823 on the Via Appia. Here the holmos or mouth-piece,
somewhat resembling the reed of our oboe, is distinctly shown. The finger-holes, probably four, are not indicated, although they undoubtedly existed on the in­strument.
Furthermore, the Romans had two kinds of Pandean pipes, viz. the syrinx and the fistula. The bagpipe, tibia utricularis, is said to have been a favourite instrument of the emperor Nero.
The cornu was a large horn of bronze, curved. The performer held it under his arm with the broad end upwards over his
shoulder. It is repre­sented in the engrav_ ing, with the tuba and the lituits.
The tuba was a straight trumpet. Both the cornu and the tuba were employed in war to convey signals. The same was the case with the buccina, — origin­ally perhaps a conch shell, and afterwards a simple horn of an ani-mal,—and the lituus, which was bent at the broad end but otherwise straight. The tympanum resembled the tambourine and was beaten like the latter with the hands. Amonc; the
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