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506                                GLOSSARY
matchless, which; and k is occasionally substituted for h as in skelf, skriegh, for shelf, shriek.
L is often absent, and is mute after a and «, as in 6a', ca', fa\ sma', fu, pit*, wilhd', amaist (almost), &c. It changes to a, w, or u after Horn; and is frequently absent before another consonant: thus bawm, stown, hause, bouk, bow, cow, cauf, faut, fause, gowd, hauf, maul for balm, stolen, hals (the neck), bulk, boll, coll, calf, fault, false, gold, half, malt; but after e and i, I is written and sounded, as for example—
' That ilka melder wi' the miller Thou drank as lang as thou had siller'
In Scotland the nasals are severely left alone. In England ng In the middle of a word is more than sounded, as in fing-ger, ling-ger, jing-gle, ting-gle, Ang-gus. In the Scots vernacular these are pronounced fing'r, ling'r, jing'le, ting'le, Ang-us. Dr. Murray says that' the Northern tongue has a repugnance to the combinations of the nasals m, n, ng with their cognate mutes b, d, and g.'
R is neither glided nor rolled. It is hard in such words as carle, airle,parle, tirl, barn, farm, bairn, girn, dirt, gart, and changes places with the vowel in many words, such as thretty, thirty; dirl, thrill; girn, grin; brod, board ; brunt, burnt; ivarsle, wrestle, &c.
The f has the usual English sound, unless influenced by the Erse or French, when it takes sh, as in shneezin, shnuff, pushion (poison), ashet (assiette), gushet (guischet). Followed by u it takes the French sound of etc as sugh, succar (sugar), sune, sud.
7* is generally mute between particular consonants, and such words as the following: whistle, thistle, fasten, soften, perfect, corrupted, neglected, act, fact are pronounced whussle, lhrissle,fassen, saffen,perfeck, corruppit, negleckit, ack, fack.
Probably in the time of Burns w before r was sounded in some words, such as ivrang, wright, wrack, but the custom has nearly disappeared.
a, sometimes used for he, she, or it. a', all; every one, with the sense of
each. abeigh, at a distance, aloof, aboon, above, overhead, upstairs. adle, cow lant, putrid water. advisement, advice, counsel. ae, one. afore, before, aiblins, perhaps, possibly, aik, aiken, oak, oaken, ail, to be ill, to complain. Ailsa Craig, an island rock in the
Firth of Clyde, ain, own. air, early.
airle-penny, airles, earnest-money, airn, aims, iron, fetters, airt, to direct; a direction, point of the
compass, aith, oath.
ajee, ajar; twisted; sulky, cross, alake, alas. amaist, almost.
an, if.
an', and.
Andro, Andrew.
ane, one, an.
aneugh, aneuch, enough.
anither, another.
a's, all is.
asklent, awry, off the plumb.
aspar, spread out.
athort, athwort, athwart, across, over.
attour, moreover, beyond, beside.
atweel, truly, indeed, assuredly, of course.
aught, to own, to possess; posses­sion ; eight.
aughteen, eighteen.
auld, old.
auld shoon, old shoes; a discarded lover.
aumous, alms.
aumous-dish, a beggar's collecting dish, the poor-box.
ava, at all.