A PEPYSIAN GARLAND - online book

Black-letter Broadside Ballads Of The years 1595-1639

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'The peace between Denmark and Sweden
Pepys, i, ioo, B.L., four woodcuts, four columns.
Charles IX of Sweden imprudently assumed the title of "King of the Lapps of Nordland," which belonged to the Danish Crown, and the so-called War of Kalmar between him and Christian IV of Norway and Denmark (James I's brother-in-law) followed. Most of the fighting cen­tered around Kalmar ("Caiman"), the eastern fortress of Sweden, which the Danes finally captured. Charles IX's son, Gustavus Adolphus, con­cluded with Christian IV the disastrous peace of Knared, celebrated in the ballad, on January 20, 1613. So onerous were the terms, however, that instead of the brotherly love mentioned by the balladist, for many decades hatred existed between the two countries. The peace terms— summarized from a pamphlet " translated out of the Dutche copy printed at Hamburgh" that Gosson registered on April 8, 1613 (Arber's Tran­script, in, 518)—are accurately enough enumerated in the ballad.
The tune will be found in Chappell's Popular Music, 1, 144.
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