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I 16                                ORTHOMETRY.
they represent it to be of greater magnitude than I think it is in reality, I will here state their opinions respecting it, and their practice. Pope says, " the hiatus should be avoided with more care in poetry than in oratory ; and I would try to prevent it, unless where the cutting it off is more prejudicial to the sound than the hiatus itself." Dryden is still more averse to the hiatus. " There is not (says he in his dedication to the AEneid), to the best of my remem­brance, one vowel gaping on another for want of a caesura [i.e. a cutting off) in this whole poem ; but where a vowel ends a word, the next begins with a consonant, or what is its equivalent; for our w and h aspirate, and our diphthongs are plainly such ; the greatest latitude I take is in the letter y, when it con­cludes a word, and the first syllable of the next begins with a vowel. Neither need I have called this a lati-tudewhich is only an explanation of the general rule; that no vowel can be cut off before another, when we cannot sink the pronunciation of it, as he, she, me, I, &c." In another place he mentions the hiatus with extreme severity. " Since I have named the synalepha, which is cutting ofifone vowel immediately before another, I will give an example of it from Chapman's Homer. It is in the first line of the argu­ment to the first Iliad.
Apollo's priest to th' Argive fleet doth bring.
Here we see he makes it not the Argive, but th' Argive; to shun the shock of the two vowels im­mediately following each other; but in the same