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Why I do trifle thus with his despair Is done to cure it.
" King Lear."
God from the Mount of Sinai, whose gray top Shall tremble, he descending, shall himself, In thunder, lightning, and loud trumpets' sound, Ordain them laws.
These are deviations from the ordinary spelling, and therefore in the pronunciation of words, their object being to shorten or lengthen a verse by a syllable.
(a). Elision
is the omission of a letter or syllable at the begin­ning, middle, or end of a word, e.g. : 'gainst, 'scape, o'er, ta'en, ope', th'. At the beginning this is known as aphceresis, in the middle syncope, at the end apocope.
(6). Prosthesis
is prefixing an expletive syllable to a word ; as, yclad, beweep.
(c). Paragoge
adds an expletive syllable to a word; as withouten, loved.
(</). Synthesis
is the merging of two syllables into one, as may be done with such words as alien, flower, familiar, amorous, murmuring, mouldering.