# A Book Of Five Strings - online tutorial

### Strategies for mastering the art of old time banjo.

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In a minor scale the first, fourth and eighth notes are marked with lower case numerals to indicate minor chords. The third, sixth and seventh notes are marked with upper case numbers to indicate major chords. The fifth note will be marked as a minor chord with a lower case number in a natural minor scale. In a harmonic minor scale the fifth note can, in some cases, wind up being played as a major chord. The second note in a minor scale, like the seventh note in a major scale, is usually a diminished chord.
Just as the major scale has the I-IV-V progression minor scales use an i-iv-v7 or i-iv-V7 progression.In A minor those chords would be Am, Dm, and Em or Am, Dm, and E7.
Common Chord Progressions In Minor Scales
 Key i ii 0 III iv V VI VII i Am: Am Bdim C D /Dm Em F G Am Bm: Bm C#dm D E /Em F#m G A Bm Cm: Cm Ddim Eb F /Fm Gm Ab Bb Cm Dm: Dm Edim F G /Gm Am Bb C Dm Em: Em F#dim G A /am Bm C D Em Fm: Fm Gdim Ab Bb/Bbm Cm Db E Fm Gm Gm Adim Bb C /Cm Dm Eb F Gm
Chord Construction
As I mentioned earlier in this chapter chords are build on the intervals and degrees of the scale. What that means without writing out enough theory to make both of our heads explode is that a major chord is made of the first, third and fifth notes in the scale.
To make a G chord those notes would be G, B and D. Find those three notes anywhere on the fretboard and play them together and it's a G chord.
Other chord forms or flavors are made up of different combinations of notes. I'll chart a few of them out for you to experiment with.
Minor chord: 1, 3b, 5 notes in the scale.
Major 7 chord: 1, 3, 5, 7 notes in the scale.