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CELEBRA TED VIOLIN PL A YERS.
(Bologna), was the founder of the Italian school, which in its executive and creative aspects inaugurated a marked epoch in the art of violin playing. Violin composition and technique were brought by him into definite form, serving as a sure foundation for later times. Like all the violinists of that period, Corelli was also a composer, and in this capacity stood prominently forward. His music has lasted to our own day, the complete edition having been brought out by Joachim and Chrysander, and separate sonatas arranged for violin and piano by G. Jensen, and others. Living chiefly in Rome, Corelli was held in extraordinary esteem as violinist and composer, and a great number of pupils crowded round him. His most celebrated pupils were Geminiani and Locatelli. He died in 1713, after a tour to Naples.
Clement, Franz, born 1780, at Vienna, died there in 1842 was first Concertmeister at the theatre "An der Wien".
Courvoisier,' Carl, born Nov. 12th 1846, at Basle; lived in Diisseldorf and enjoyed much favour as teacher and player. He went to England in 1885, and is now living in Liverpool. Author of a violin school and studies, also sundry articles on the technique of violin playing.
Cramer, Wilhehn, born 1743 or 1745, at Mannheim, died 1799, in London, where he was leader at the Italian Opera, and in various concert societies. He was regarded in England as the first violinist of his time.
Croner, Ferdinand, Carl and Johann (brothers), were all members of the Munich Court orchestra between 1737 and 1786. In 1749 they were raised to the rank of the nobility.
Csillag, Hermann, born 1852, at Bakony-Telek (Hungary); pupil of Hellmesberger at Vienna, became member of the Court opera orchestra there, and subsequently leader at Baden-Baden, Dusseldorf, Hamburg and Rotterdam. From 1887 —1888 taught in the Conservatorium at Helsingfors.
Damrosch, Leopold, born 1822, at Posen; pupil of Hubert Ries, prepared for a medical career. He was from 1857 Capellmeister at Breslau, and since 1871 in New York, where he died in 1885.
Dancla, Jean Bapt. Chas., born Dec. 19th 1818, at Bagneres-de-Bigorre. He entered the Paris Conservatoire at the age of 10; founded in Paris a fine quartett, with his