Folk & Traditional Music of the Western Continents

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that depart increasingly from the standard. This is what happens in the successive repetitions of the soloist's phrase in Example 7-3. The members of the chorus also improvise variations, but they do not depart as much from the original.
example 7-3. Kuyu (Congo) women's dance, from Rose Brandel, The Music of Central Africa (The Hague: M. NijhofF, 1962), p. 197.
A further result of improvisation, presumably, is the creation of polyphonic forms. One of the characteristics of African music is harmony and polyphony, which are discussed below. Here it is

E-Book - An Annotated Compendium of Old Time American Songs by James Alverson III