Popular Music Of The Olden Time Vol 1

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REIGNS OF JAMES I. AKD CHARLES I.                                 317
THE NEW ROYAL EXCHANGE.
In The Dancing Master of 1665 there are two tunes under very similar titles. The first is The New Exchange; the second, The New New-Exchange. The first is sometimes called Durham Stable;* the second, which was more frequently used as a ballad tune, is, in other editions, named The New Royal Exchange.
In Wit and Drollery, 1656, p. 110, is a song to this tune—" On the Souldiers walking in the new Exchange to affront the Ladies." It consists of four stanzas, the first of which is here printed with the music.
In the same book, at p. 60, is another song of six stanzas beginning— " We'll go no more to Tunbridge Wells, And we will have them henceforth call'd . The journey is too far ;                 .             The Kentish new-found Spa.
Nor ride in Epsom waggon, where             Then go, lords and ladies, whate'er you
Our bodies jumbled are. But we will all to the westward waters go,
The best that e'er you saw,
Go thither all that pleases; For it will cure you, without fail, Of old and new diseases."
[ail;
In Westminster Drollery, part ii, 1671, is a third song, " to the tune of Til go4 no more to the New Exchange;" beginning—
" Never will I wed a girl that's coy,             For, if too coy, then I must court
Nor one that is too free;                             For a kiss as well as any ;
But she alone shall be my joy                     And if too free, I fear o' th' sport
That keeps' a meanb to me.                          I then may have too many," &c.
In Wit Restored, in severall select Poems, not formerly publisht, 1658, there aro: two songs, The Burse of Reformation, and The Answer. The first commencing— " We will go no more to the Old Exchange, And we have it henceforth call'd There's no good ware at all;                       The Burse of Beformation.
Their bodkins, and their thimbles, too,
Went long since to Guildhall. But we will go to the New Exchange, Where all things are in fashion;
Come, lads and lasses, what do you lack ?
Here is ware of all prices ; Here's long and short, here's wide and
Here are things of all sizes., [straight;
and the Answer—
" We will go no more to the New Exchange, Gold chaines and ruffes shalt beare the bell, Their credit's like to fall,                            For all your reformation.
Their money and their loyalty                           Look on our walls, and pillars too,
Is gone to Goldsmiths' Hall.c                            You'll find us much the sounder :
But we will keep our Old Exchange,                 Sir Thomas Gresham stands upright,
Where wealth is still in fashion,                         But Crook-back was your founder."
These have been reprinted in " Satirical Songs and Poems on Costume," for the Percy Society, by F. W. Fairholt, F.S.A. Another equally curious song for the
» Strype, in his edition of Stew's London, book vi., p. 75, says " In the place where certain old stables stood, belong­ing to this house [Durham House], is the New Exchange; being furnished with shops on both sides the walls, both below and above stairs, for milliners, sempstresses, and ether trades, and is a place of great resort and trade for the nobility and gentry, and such as have occasion for such commodities." It was opened April 11th, 1609, in the presence of James I. and his Queen, and-taken down in 1737. Coutts' Banking House now stands upon the site, Pepys, in his Diary, 15th April, I6C2, says, " With my wife by coach to the New Exchange, to buy her some
things;' where we saw some new-fashion pettycoats of sarcenet, with a black broad lace printed round the bottom and before; very handsome, and my wife had a mind to one of them."
Mean, i.e., a middle course; the mean being the inter­mediate part, or parts, between the treble and tenor. If there were two means, as in the lute, the lower was called the greater: the upper, the lesser mean.
* The place appointed for the reception of fines imposed upon the Royalists; and for loans, etc., to the Puritanic party.