Popular Music Of The Olden Time Vol 1

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162                                   ENGLISH SONG AND BALLAD MUSIC.
FORTUNE MT FOE.
The tune of Fortune is in Queen Elizabeth's Virginal Book; in William Ballet's MS. Lute Book; in Vallet's Tablature de Luth, book i., 1615, and book ii., 1616; in Bellerophon, 1622; in Nederlandtsche Gedenck-Clanck, 1626 ; in Dr. Camphuysen's Stichtelycke Hymen, 1652; and in other more recent publica­tions. In the Dutch books above quoted, it is always given as an English air.
A ballad " Of one complaining of the mutability of Fortune" was licensed to John Charlewood to print in 1665-6 (See Collier's JEx. Beg. Stat. Comp'., p. 139). A black-letter copy of " A sweet sonnet, wherein the lover exclaimeth against • Fortune for the loss of his lady's favour, almost past hope to get it again, and in the end receives a comfortable answer, and attains his desire, as may here appear: to the tune of Fortune my foe," is in the Bagford Collection of Ballads (643 m., British Museum). It begins as follows:—
There are twenty-two stanzas, of four lines each, in the above.
Fortune my foe is alluded to by Shakespeare- in The Merry Wives of Windsor, act ii., sc. 3 ; and the old ballad of Titus Andronicus, upon which Shakespeare founded his play of the same name, was sung to the tune. A copy of that ballad is in the Koxburghe Collection, i. 392, and reprinted in Percy's Beliques.
Ben Jonson alludes to Fortune my foe, in The case is altered, and in his masque The Gipsies Metamorphosed; Beaumont and Fletcher, in The Custom of the Country, The Knight of the Burning Pestle, and The Wild Cfoose Chase; Lilly gives the first verse in his Maydes Metamorphosis, 1600; Chettle mentions the tune in Kind-hart?s Dreame, 1592; Burton, in his Anatomy of Melancholy, 1621; Shirley, in The Grateful Servant, 1630; Brome, in his Antipodes, 1638i See