The First Principles Of Pianoforte Playing

A complete playing tutorial for self learners or school use.

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10
DIRECTIONS FOR LEARNERS.
That is: while causing the arm merely to "float" over the keys, as in Species II, you may let the hand lie loosely upon the keys, and may then use the finger alone against the key to move it. This combination we call:—
THE FIRST SPECIES OF TOUCH.
§ 34. Be sure to understand the difference between these three alternative muscular-combinations, for you will find they each have their place in Music. To sum up this matter, remem­ber that you can make the tone either by:
First Species: Finger alone exerted against key, in combination with loose-lying hand, and self-supported arm.
Second Species: Hand exerted "behind" finger, with self-supported arm.
Third Species : Arm-weight lapsed afresh behind hand and finger for each note. § 35. Note in this connection, when the arm is in the " self-supported" state, that it should never be held in the least rigidly, but that it should be just in a balanced state—almost falling
of its own weight; so nicely balanced that it will be set into vibra­tion by the reiterated actions of the finger and hand.
AS TO CHOICE OF TOUCH-SPECIES:
§ 36. Note now the following facts:
a)  The First Species will enable you to move quickly across the keyboard, but you cannot obtain much tone by its means.
b)  The Second Species gives a larger range in tone-amount but reduces your Agility-power.
c)  The Third Species gives you the full range in tone-amount, but you cannot apply it in very quick passages.
AS TO MOVEMENTS OF FINGER, HAND AND ARM:
§ 37. You must next learn to understand what is really meant by the movements of the Finger, Hand, and Arm—how and why they should arise:—
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E-Book - An Annotated Compendium of Old Time American Songs by James Alverson III