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brought them, by his influence into much more general use.
He certainly invented a modification of the line system of Hucbald. Instead of the inverted letters, and fragments of letters which the latter used, he employed the vowels only, to designate the pitch, thus,—
"Maria, veri solis mater, ubera tuos." Guido, altered Hucbald's Organum in so far, that he rejected consecutive fifths, as being too harsh, and substituted a series of consecutive fourths as being milder.
It may not be out of place to remark here, that the present scrupulous avoidance of all consecu­tive fifths, in modern composition of strict school, is simply a reaction from the rude taste of past centuries, which employed them ad nauseum; there is no valid reason for their complete ostra­cism, any more than there was cause for the ban­ishing of all sixths and thirds from the harmony of our ancestors. To Guido is also attributed the invention of the method of the harmonical hand (Guidonian hand, as it has been named after its supposed originator). This consisted of marking certain notes and musical signs on the tips of the fingers, and by this means more readily commit­ting them to memory. As before stated, many 21

E-Book - An Annotated Compendium of Old Time American Songs by James Alverson III