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CHAPTER VIII.
ANCIENT ROMAN MUSIC.
Art-love was not a distinguishing characteristU of the ancient Romans, and we are not astonished therefore, to find them borrowing music from Etruria, Greece, and Egypt; originating nothing, and (although the study was pursued by the Emperors) never finding anything higher in its practice than a sensuous gratification.
In the earliest days of Rome, the inhabitants were exclusively farmers, or warriors, and their first temples were raised to Ceres, or to Mars.
The priests of Ceres came originally from Asia Minor, and were called the Arval Brotherhood; flute-playing was a prominent feature in their rites, and they were all proficient upon that instru­ment. Their number was limited to twelve.
The worship of Mars was conducted by the Salian priests, whom Xuma summoned to Rome, from Etruria. These also used the flute as an accessory to their sacrificial rites. In these primi­tive days of Rome, much was borrowed from the Etruscans, in style and instruments of music.
The earliest songs of Rome were in praise of Romulus, and told the story of the twin brothers,






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