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CHAPTER FY
ANCIENT GREEK MUSIC.
The mythology of Greek music is too well known, for us to go into any details upon the sub­ject; with this people every thing relating to music, was ennobled and enriched by an applicable legend, or a finely conceived poem. In fact music (mousike), meant with the Greeks, all the aesthetics, and culture that were used in education of youth, and the strictly musical part of the above training had special names, as harmonia, etc., to designate it.
The subject of Greek music has given rise to more commentary and dispute, than any other in the entire realm of musical history.
The mode of notation employed was peculiar; it consisted in placing the letters of the alphabet in various positions, straight, sideways, etc., and sometimes even, fragments of letters were used.
There are in existence but three authentic Greek hymns* with music, viz: hymn to Calliope, to Apollo, and to Nemesis; there is also in existence, some music to the first eight verses of the first Pythian of Pindar, which Athanasius Kircher
•Doubts have been expressed concerning the genuineness even of the**-






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