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12                       CURIOSITIES OF MUSIC.
hundred thirty-two in all, each of them being the God or Goddess of some particular key, and each of them, of course, having a distinctive name; we shall not give the various names, but to illustrate the relationship among them, the following will suffice; the four 1-4 tones beginning on the fifth tone of the scale, Panchama (or Pa) are the Nymphs Malina, Chapala, Lola and Serveretna, wliile the next full tone (Dha) is owned by Santa and her sisters; if Dha should be flatted 1-4 tone which would give it the same pitch as the highest 1-4 tone of Pa, (called Serveretna), the poetical Hindoo would not say " Dha is flat," but " Serv­eretna has been introduced to the family of Santa and her sisters."*
Although the musical art of the Hindoos had such an early existence, it seems not to have de­veloped or receded much since ancient days; they possess airs to which the European ear instantly, and involuntary attaches harmony, (auxiliary voices), and yet they have not the slightest crav­ing for harmony. They are completely satisfied to express all emotion by melody, sometimes combined with the dance, and yet do not feel the monotony, which would be obviated by additional voices.
But it must be said that, so far as melody goes, they have great taste and discrimination; the mu­sic often approaches the European in form and rhythm, and the Hindoo seems to feel instinctively
Wm. Jones; Music of India.






E-Book - An Annotated Compendium of Old Time American Songs by James Alverson III