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The Rise & Development Of Military Music

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THE RENAISSANCE.
137
monious governments, and were suffering accordingly. In 1863, Belgium instituted a commission, under Gevaert and Victor Mahillon, to inquire into their mili­tary bands,2 but little seems to have been effected by way of reorganization. Austrian bands fell on evil times altogether. Here is an infantry band of i860,3 quite an inferior organization to that of 1848 (see Chapter IX).
1 Piccolo.                                     
1  Clarinet, A flat.                       
2  Clarinets, E flat.                     4 Clarinets, B flat.                     
2 Cornettinos, B flat.                 
2 Cornettos, E flat.                      2 Cornets, B flat.                                       
2 Horns.
2 Tenor Horns,
2  Euphoniums. 4 Trombones.
4 Bombardons.
3  Drums, etc.
Total, 35.
4 Trumpets.
In 1868 bands for cavalry, chasseurs and artillery were entirely suppressed in Austria. There were some first-rate musicians among Austrian bandmasters of the period, including Gung'l, K61er B61a, P. Fahrbach, Nemetz and Zimmermann.
France, the great herald of band reform, suffered worse than Austria.
When the war broke out with Italy, French bands were reduced to forty for infantry and twenty-five for cavalry. Then in 1867, cavalry bands were suppressed altogether, which was ratified by a decree of 1873, which also ordered infantry bands to be kept at forty. The French Military School of Music ("Gymnase de
'"Military Service Journal" (U.S.A.). 'Grove's "Dictionary" (article, Wind Band).
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