Military Music And Its Story - online book

The Rise & Development Of Military Music

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This was the system which revolutionised the world's military music, due mainly to the "inventions" of Adolphe Sax. These "saxhorns" (patented in 1845) were immediately taken up by our regimental bands. First came the contrabass saxhorns, in E flat and B flat, which were called bombardons or basses, and super­seded the serpents and bass horns. The bass saxhorn in B flat was then introduced as the euphonium or euphonion,3 doing away with ophicleides. The bari­tone saxhorn in B flat was named simply the baritone or althorn, whilst the alto saxhorn in E flat retained its appellation, although under improved construction was designated the Koenig horn and tenor cor, and has to
'The original instrument still used on the Continent was of smaller bore. Phasey, a bandsman of the Coldstream Guards, designed the present wide bore in England.
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