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The Rise & Development Of Military Music

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98                 MILITARY MUSIC AND ITS STORY.
for the band. From the most delicate song to the magnificent symphonies of Haydn, Mozart and Beet­hoven, and even the grandest of Handel's choruses, he preserved the bearing of each class throughout, and with so nice an attention to the particular cast of ex­pression appertaining to each instrument. His know­ledge of the effects of instruments was great.5 The band was instrumented thus:
4 Flutes.                2 Serpents.                        1 Tenor Trombone.
3  Oboes.                 4 Trumpets.                      4 Bass Trombones. 12 Clarinets.            5 Horns.                            2 Drums.
4  Bassoons.            1 Alto Trombone.                   Total 42.
Not at all a bad combination for so-called " unmusi­cal England." Of course it may be urged that this was a specially-selected organisation, and not to be taken as a specimen of English military bands of the period. Yet we shall see that some regimental bands were on as good a footing as the king's band, at least in numbers.
Here is the Royal Artillery band circa 1820:
2  Flutes.                 3 Key Bugles.             1 Ophicleide.
3  Oboes.                   2 French Horns.         2 Serpents.
11 Clarinets.             1 Alto Trombone. 2 Bass Horns.
3 Bassoons.             1 Tenor Trombone. 5 Drums, etc.
2 Trumpets.            1 Bass Trombone.             Total, 39.
Since Kastner, the historian of French military music, tells us that the Prussians and Austrians had incontest-ably the best bands at this time, we may take a glance at their construction and compare them with our bands and those of the French.
1 "Biographical Dictionary of Musicians," 1825.
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