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The Rise & Development Of Military Music

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THE INFLUENCE OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION. 83
Guards." Then we have the following directions for their use:
" There are four pipes commonly used, viz.: First, second, Tenor and Bass: the first thing to be acquired on this instrument is to sound every note clear and distinct, which is done by placing the Instrument against the Lips in a direct line, and blowing into each pipe, which is done without any difficulty, giving each Note a distinct articulation, except in Bars of Music consisting of running passages which are executed very rapid, passing clear and distinct from Pipe to pipe, tipping the first note of every passage. The key of this instrument is generally in the key of D Major, with two sharps, consequently the other Instruments which assist are put in corresponding keys. The B Fifes or Flutes, serve as an excellent support to the reeds, the Music for which in order to play with them are transposed (provided the reeds are in the Key of D) into the key of G. The thirds are produced in a manner surprising and with great effect by pressing the Lips against the centre Pipe of two, and blowing at each outside Pipe. Observe, when an accidental Note occurs as G sharp or C Natural, it must be taken by the Flutes or Fifes, accompanying the Pipes, and all the small notes, where there are two, must be taken by such instruments."
Then there is a record of another band, which occurs in a letter written in 1793 by Mr. W. J. Mattham, an innkeeper at Lavenham, Suffolk, which says:
" We have had four (?) companies of the West
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