The Guitar's Strings
The guitar has six strings, E, A, D, G, B and E, which axe.
shewn in Fig. 33, together with the piano notes with which
they correspond. Note that the tones of the guitar's open strings
are so low that they are written in the bass clef.
Music for the guitar is written in the treble clef, as for any
other instrument. But when you play, for example, the note C
in the treble clef, the guitar gives out the note C an octave
lower. All notes on the guitar sound one octave lower than
written in treble clef music.
Tuning the Guitar
The guitar is tuned from a piano or from a pitch pipe, in
the same manner as the violin. How to tune is fully described
in the section on "The Violin/'
Playing the Guitar Notes
The first thing to do is to learn how to make the different
notes on the guitar. This is done by placing your fingers on the
strings at positions already indicated by the frets or raised
cross pieces on the neck and fingerboard of the guitar. The
fingers are not placed directly on top of the frets, but at a slight
distance above them, or toward the head of the instrument.