Harmony Book For Beginners - online book

Scales, Intervals, Common Chords, Dominant Seventh Chord and Melody Making.

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As we all know, the term Major means greater. Hence, whenever there is a major interval of any name, it stands to reason that there must be a corresponding Minor or interval of the same name. As stated before, the normal second in the Major
having Two Half- Steps. The Minor,
or lesser second, then, will have but One Half-Step, hence we write C, Db, thus:
--------------. We could not write C, C#, as this would not be a second, not
^.k^ including two letters. Let us treat similarly the Major Third. The Major Third from C would be E :
having Three Half-Steps.
Similarly, let us take up Sixths and Sevenths. Here they are:
Major Sixth           Minor sixth          Major Seventh          Minor Seventh
The student should play, then memorize these Intervals. Make an ear test of them also.
We are now ready for a writing exercise: Write Major and Minor Seconds, Thirds, Sixths and Sevenths in the Scales of G, F, B>, indicating the number of Half-Steps in each.

E-Book - An Annotated Compendium of Old Time American Songs by James Alverson III