Harmony Book For Beginners - online book

Scales, Intervals, Common Chords, Dominant Seventh Chord and Melody Making.

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Write out the Scales of Bb and Eb Major.
Returning to the Scale of F#, previously constructed, let us take advantage of the fact that F# and Gb are identical in Pitch, sounding exactly the same, and let us write out the Scale of Gb. This is known as an Enharmonic Change. An Enharmonic Change is a change of notation, or method of writing, without any change in sound.
Now for the Scale of Gb Major: from G to Ab is a Whole Step, Ab to Bb, Whole Step, Bb to Cb, Half-Step; from Db to Eb is a Whole Step, Eb to F, Whole Step, F to Gb, Half-Step, thus:
Gb Major
Play this Scale, and, in point of sound, we find it to coincide with the Scale of F# Major.
Let the student write out, and play, the Scale of Cb Major. Then right beside it let him write out the Scale of B Major. These will also be found to coincide in point of sound.
Write here the Scale of Cb Major.
Write here the Scale of B Major.
Finally, let the student write out all the Major Scales in the following order: C, G, D, A, E, B and Cb (Enharmonic), F# and Gfr (Enharmonic), C# and Db (Enharmonic), Ab, Ely, Bb, F. This is sometimes called the Circle of Scales. It will be observed an additional # is needed in each scale as one advances, until seven $'s are employed, and that, going on from the Scale of Cb, one b less is needed in each Scale.
All Major Scales as indicated.

E-Book - An Annotated Compendium of Old Time American Songs by James Alverson III