Eileen Aroon Notes
The tune with title "Ellen a Roon" is first found in Charles
Coffey's ballad opera <<The Beggars Wedding>>, 1729. Coffey's
song there is unrelated to "Eileen Aroon". This was acted in both
Dublin and London, and at least four editions of the play were
printed in that year, with additions to each subsequent edition.
The music was printed at the end of the 4th edition, but not with
the 1st ed. Music is in some, but not all, copies of the 2nd ed.
I have not found out if the music was included with the 3rd
edition. The Folger copy of the 4th. edition, 1729, contains the
music, as does another copy styled the 4th ed. by different
printers, in 1731. The fifth edition, 1733, by yet a different
printer does not contain the music.
The second printing of the tune is that on the single sheet
song with music, from Kitty Clive's singing, and the third
printing of the tune seems to have been the elaborated version
with a bass given by Burk Thumoth (Thomond of Burke) in <<Twelve
Scotch and Twelve Iri
1744) In this work the tune is in the Irish section. This work
contains an advertisement on the title page for James Oswald's
<<Collection of Curious Scots Tunes>>, which is known to have
appeared in November, 1742, so Thumoth's book is probably to be
dated 1743-4. I subsequently discovered that the deduction of a
date of 1743 was also arrived at by Francis O'Neill in <<Irish
Music and Musicians>>, Chicago, 1923? Old estimates of the date
ranged from 1720 to 1760.
The tune was printed in Scots collections in the eighteenth
century, and this has given rise to some Scots claims to the
tune, however, the Irish evidently had a song to the tune, while
the Scots seemed to know only Lady Keppel's song "Robin Adair,"
more on which below.
The fourth and fifth printings of the tune that I have come
across are those in James Oswald's <<Caledonian Pocket
Companion>>, Book V, c 1753, and in his <<A Collection of Scots
Tunes with Variations>>, c 1756. These were both printed by
Oswald after leaving Edinburgh in 1741 o
The tune from Oswald's <<Caledonian Pocket Companion>> is
reprinted in James Dick's <<The Songs of Robert Burns>>, no. 45, p.
45, 1903, as the setting for Burn's song "Phyllis the Fair."
Burns was actually familiar with the variant of the tune "Robin
Adair," from a printing with music of Lady Caroline Keppel's song
in a Scots songbook of the 1790's. Robert Burns, however, had met
a Highland Scotsman who claimed that his mother had sung a Gaelic
song to the tune. Unfortunately we do not have the title or a
single line of the song, and we know that Burns was occasional
misinformed, memory of far past events being notoriously error
prone. I have not ascertained when the version of the tune "Robin
Adair" first made its appearance. The song was by Lady Charlotte
Keppel, probably between 1750 and 1760, and certainly before her
marriage to her Irish "Robin" Robert Adair. The song is certainly
not a Scots one.
A Cantata on the "Roast Beef of Old England" contains about 30
total verses using about a dozen differe
know when this first appeared. It is in <<The London Songster>>,
1767; <<The Humming Bird>>, London, 1776; <<The Linnets>>,
Wolverhampton, 1777; and in <<The British Muse>>, Newcastle,
1787, all without music. It is with music as a single sheet with
music printed by J. Longman & Co., c 1780? On the latter and the
first of the books above it is styled 'A Cantata taken from a
Celebrated Print by the ingenious Mr. Hogarth.'