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Bibliographical Aids 121
(1954), 1-14; Sigurd B. Hustvedt, A Melodic Index of Child's Ballad Tunes (Berkeley, 1936); Bruno Nettl, "The Musical Style of English Ballads Collected in Indiana,'' Acta Musicologica, XXVII (1955), 77-84; Cecil J. Sharp, English Folk Song, Some Conclusions (London, 1907); Evelyn Kendrick Wells, The Ballad Tree (New York, 1950). By far the most important study of the music of British ballads is Bertrand Harris Bronson, The Traditional Tunes of the Child Ballads (Princeton, N. J., vol. I, 1959).
An excellent survey of collecting and scholarship is D. K. Wilgus, Anglo-American Folksong Scholarship Since 1898 (New Brunswick, N. J., 1959).
A large body of literature on American Negro music exists, but much of it cannot be recommended from the point of view of authenticity and scholarship. Among the collections, Edward A. Mcllhenny, Befo' de War Spirituals (Boston, 1933), N. I. White, American Negro Folk-Songs (Cambridge, Mass., 1928), and George PuUen Jackson, White and Negro Spirituals (New York, 1954) are useful. In the field of description and theory, these are representative: E. M. von Horbostel, "American Negro Songs," International Review of Missions, XV (1926), 748ff.; George Pullen Jackson, "The Genesis of the Negro Spiritual," American Mercury, XXVI (1932), 243-248; Guy B. Johnson, "The Negro Spiritual, a Problem in Anthropology," American Anthropologist, XXXIII (1931), 157-171; Guy B. Johnson and H. W. Odum, The Negro and his Songs (Chapel Hill, 1925); Henry E. Krehbiel, Afro-American Folksongs (New York, 1914); Rudi Blesh, Shining Trumpets (New York, 1946); Richard A. Waterman, "African Influences on American Negro Music," in Sol Tax, ed., Acculturation in the Americas (Chicago, 1952), and "Hot Rhythm in Negro Music," Journal of the American Musicological Society, I (1948), 24-37. Bruno Nettl, Music in Primitive Culture (Cambridge, Mass., 1956) includes a chapter outlining the relationship between African and New World Negro music.
The literature on the folk music of other immigrant groups to the United States is much smaller. George Korson, Pennsylvania Songs and Legends (Philadelphia, 1949), includes some relevant material. A few publications are entirely devoted to non-British European immigrants: C. G. Peterson, Creole Songs from New Orleans (New Orleans, 1909); Bruno Nettl and Ivo Moravcik, "Czech and Slovak Songs Collected in Detroit," Midwest Folklore, V (1955), 37-49; and Bruno Nettl, "The Hymns of the Amish, an Example of Marginal Survival," Journal of American Folklore, LXX (1957), 323-328, which also gives other literature on German-American folk music.
The. following important collections of European folk music are perhaps
relevant to his chapter: Bela Bartok, Hungarian Folk Music (London, 1931);
Bela Bart6k and Albert B. Lord, Serbo-Croatian Folk Songs (New York,
1951); Franz Magnus Bohme, Altdeutsches Liederbuch (Leipzig, 1877);