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40 Lessons in how to correctly play improvisations.

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38                            Extempore Playing
The first general rule is as follows:
When the seventh moves and the chord changes at
the same time, the progressions are (i) V7-I; (2) (less
frequently) V7-VI.
This first is termed the normal resolution, the second (used on the principle that the subordinate, VI, may al­ways be substituted for its principal, I), the deceptive resolution. It may be said that the ear always expects I to follow V7; the VI comes as a surprise.
It should be noted that the latter is used only in root position; the former may be inverted in every possible way.
The following are specimens of the dominant seventh taken in various positions and normally resolved. These are all in close harmony; each one may be varied in several ways.
At a the rising bass has the effect of pushing up the seventh; this always happens with the second inversion, but in no other case; it should be carefully noted.
Here are deceptive resolutions, only used (in general) in root position.
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E-Book - An Annotated Compendium of Old Time American Songs by James Alverson III