Christmas Carols, Ancient And Modern

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examples,* as at the baptism of Charles the Sixth in December 1368; the entry of Philip, Duke of Burgundy, with his sister, to Paris, in 1429 ; and the entry into Paris of Charles the Seventh in 1437, in which the people proclaimed their plea­sure by loud shouts of " Noel, Noel," &c. On the entry also of Henry the Fifth into Rouen, after the siege thereof in January 1419, as described in an old English poem published in the 22nd volume of the " Archaeologia," the people received him with shouts of Nowell.
" Wilcorae our lorde," thay seide, " so fre!" " Wilcome into thyne owne righte, " As it is the wille of god almyzt." "W1 that thay kryde alle " nowelle I"
Lydgate also, in his account of the expedition of Henry the Fifth, and his return to London, says,
Virgynes out of the castelle gon glyde, For ioye of him they were daunsyng,
They knelyd adoun alle in that tyde, Nowell! Nowell! alle thei gon syng.
Chaucer uses the term in the same sense, though, being applied to Janus, it may be considered in the passage cited as appropriated to the time of Christ­mas.
Janus sit by the fire with double berd, And drinketh of his bugle horn the wine: Beforn him stant braune of the tusked swine, And nowcl crieth every lusty man.f
The ancient Christmas customs in France were, no doubt, similar in many respects to those used in England, having a common origin, and it was in like manner considered a great time for feasting and rejoicing. In the " Bataille de Karesme et de
• Les Recherches de la France, fol. 1643, pp. 383-4. f Chaucer, 11564 & seq. The Frankeleine's Tale.

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E-Book - An Annotated Compendium of Old Time American Songs by James Alverson III