Christmas Carols, Ancient And Modern

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from Lady Frances Dorset; a fair steel-glass from three Venetians; a hat from Dr. Augustine ; and a pair of silver snuffers from Mr. Hobbs. Rewards in money to a considerable amount were given to the servants who brought them.*
In Nichols's " Progresses" and Nichols's " Illus­trations of Manners and Expences," numerous in­stances are given of gifts to royal personages, espe­cially to Queen Elizabeth, who expected valuable ones. They seem to have been much of the same description every year. The peers spiritual and tem­poral, ladies, gentlewomen, and officers of the house­hold, &c. gave presents according to their rank and means, of money, rich dresses, jewels, &c; the physicians and apothecary, boxes of ginger and candy; the cook and other domestics, or officers, similar gifts to those hereafter mentioned. A few examples will suffice, as Nichols can be resorted to for fuller information. In a list of them given to Queen Mary, 1st January, in the 4th year of her reign, the following occur:—
" By the Ladie Elizabeth her grace, the fore part of a kyrtell, and a peire of sieves of cloth of silv', richly enbraudered all ouer with Venice silver, and rayzed with silu' and blake silke.
" By the Duches of Somerset, a smoke, wrought all ou' with silke, and collor and ruffes of damaske golde, purle, and siluer.
" By the Lady Yorke, divers frutes, as 6 suger loues, sixe tapnetts of figges, foure barrelles of sucketts and oringe water, &c.
" By Mrs. Levyna Terling, a smale picture of the Trynite.
" By Mrs, Preston, a fatte goose and a capon.
" By Gent, two Gynny-cokks scalded.
* Ellis's Original Letters, vol. i. p. 272.

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E-Book - An Annotated Compendium of Old Time American Songs by James Alverson III