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POINTERS FOR BEGINNERS
In selecting mouthpieces the cup of same should correspond to the size of the lips, namely, those with thin lips should use a mouthpiece with a small cup, medium lips a medium cup, large lips a large cup. Always use your own mouthpiece and, preferably one that has a nickel or silver plating.
While it is best to read music, some of the best buglers I have known learned by air. When one learns by air he has the advan-tage of memorizing what he learns providing that the call or march is taught as it is written. A beginner should have an ear for music, good front teeth and medium sized lips and should be taught proper breathing, thus preventing possible straining of the stomach. Improper posture is often most injurious. Sound bugle only from the position of a soldier at attention, either at a halt or on the march. To sound, place the mouthpiece evenly on the lips, place the tip of the tongue against the upper teeth and pronounce silently the syllable "TU." Do not press the mouthpiece hard against the lips, as same interferes with proper blood circulation and numbs the lips. By receding the tongue a column of air is sent into the instrument, thus making a sound.
Here are five tones, which are named: Low "C," Low "G,w Middle "C," "E" and High "G." Learn Low "C" or Low "Gw first and do not continue until a clear tone is produced and can be controlled at will.
For high tones it is necessary to press slightly harder against the lips with the mouthpiece and to slacken the pressure for each descending tone; do not move the mouthpiece either to ascend or to descend. Do not protrude the lips or puff out the cheeks. Do not be impatient to learn to sound calls. You must learn first the five tones and master their control, then you must learn tonguing.