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The National Music of America. 291
gave glee club concerts, then introduced chamber concerts, supporting the Mendelssohn Quintette Club in its early, classical career; in 1851 it agitated the subject of a Music Hall for Boston, and the edifice was opened Nov. 20, 1852, the Handel and Haydn Society and the Musical Fund Orchestra giving the first concert.
From 1854 to 1866 there had been considerable irregularity in the orchestral music of Boston, although from 1855 to I%63 a Philharmonic Orchestra under Carl Zerrahn existed. The taste of the country in the symphonic field was of the flimsiest description. An indisputable proof that Boston was the leader in orchestral taste even at this epoch, may be found in tracing the early efforts of the Germania Orchestra mentioned above. In New York the Germania musicians met with a pecuniary loss; in Philadelphia they started at Musical Fund Hall and lost so much that they went to the Chinese