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286 The National Music of America.
figure in the advancement of instrumental as well as choral music. He was an Englishman, and came to Boston in 1812, becoming organist in the chief churches here, and the most prominent music teacher in the town; he was rather haughty toward the incipient efforts of the American choral societies, and held aloof from the Philo-harmonic and the Handel and Haydn societies, until they were thoroughly established /without his aid.
In 1833 came the next important advance. Lowell Mason was now active in Boston's music, and, with the assistance of Hon. S. A. Eliot, Mr. Webb, and other music-lovers, the "Academy of Music" was founded. This was practically a musical conservatory; it intended not only to give instruction in all branches of music, but to establish lectures, concerts, choruses, to elevate church and school music, to publish musical essays, etc.
No musical institution in America at that