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The National Music of America. 103
But this must have existed at a time before the doctrines of the Marseillaise deputies had become too mild for such ghouls as Marat and Robespierre.
The latest amplification of the song was directed against Marie Antoinette. If the French mob disliked Louis XVI., they hated the so-called " Austrian woman " with frenzied animosity. It was believed (although this has since been disproved) that, while the king desired to help the suffering people, the queen had vetoed every measure of relief. Therefore she received the nickname of "Madame Veto." The "Carmagnole " reflected the popular feeling of '93 in all its bitterness. With its new words it was sung and danced around the guillotine while the terrible tricoteuses sat with their knitting, counting the falling heads, and the best blood of France was flowing. This was now the form of " La Carmagnole :"