The National Music of America - online book

The Sources & Factors Influential In Forming America's Music.

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42 The National Music of America.
"York," "Windsor," "Cambridge," "St. Davids," " Martyrs," " Hackney " (or " St. Marys," as it was sometimes called),1 the iooth, 115th, 119th, and 148th psalm-tunes. Here are a few of the directions printed in the book, for the guidance of the singers.
" Observe how many notes compass the tune is. Next the place of your first note; and how many notes above and below that; so as you may begin the tune of your first note, as the rest may be sung in the compass of your and the people's voices, with­out squeaking above or grumbling below."
These directions naturally referred to the setting or pitching of the tune, in a day when pitch-pipes and tuning-forks did not exist.
If there had been a quarrel when the " Bay Psalm-book" came in to replace Ainsworth's collection, there was an absolute tempest when singing by note was to replace sing-
1 Ritter (" Music in America") not only confounds Puritans and Pilgrims, but gives " Hackney" and " St. Marys " as two different tunes, in an important list, (p. 9), a decided and very remarkable error.
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E-Book - An Annotated Compendium of Old Time American Songs by James Alverson III