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The National Music of America. 31
but was by no means its founder.1 The Separatists received the name of " Pilgrims " when they left their home in Leyden (where they had been driven by persecution in England), and sought religious freedom in America. The name appears in a noble sentence in Bradford's account of the departure :
" So they left that goodly and pleasant city which had been their resting-place near twelve years; but they knew they were Pilgrims, and looked not much on those things, but lifted their eyes to the heavens, their dearest country, and quieted their spirits."
It therefore appears that they applied the name " Pilgrim " to themselves.
When the Pilgrims came to America, in 1620, their book of Psalmody was a small volume compiled by the Rev. Henry Ains-worth,2 one of the Separatist teachers in the church at Amsterdam. The tune was
x Goodwin, p. 13.
2" History of Music in New England," by George Hood, p. 13. The version by Stemhold and Hopkins was, however, used at Ipswich for a time in the early colonial days.