The National Music of America - online book

The Sources & Factors Influential In Forming America's Music.

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18 The National Music of America.
Luther, an ardent musician, who desired to approach the beauty of the Catholic ritual in the music of the Protestant Church; at the other extreme we find John Calvin, a bitter opponent of the fine arts, a man who desired that the music of the Church might attract no attention to itself, but merely become a peg whereon to hang the rhythmic recitation of the psalms.
Luther caused hymn-books with tunes to be published, his earliest collection being the "Enchiridion," printed at Erfurt in 1524. The last remaining copy of this work, pre­served in the city library of Strasburg, was destroyed during the German bombardment of that city in the Franco-Prussian war. A Catholic hymnal with tunes, dated seven years earlier than the "Enchiridion" (the first Protestant hymn-book), still exists.
It is a popular error to imagine that the psalms of the Pilgrims were influenced by the music of Luther. A church choir would
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E-Book - An Annotated Compendium of Old Time American Songs by James Alverson III